??stra is a Sanskrit term used to denote rules in a general sense. The word is generally used as a suffix in the context of technical or specialized knowledge in a defined area of practice; e.g., Bhautika Shastra (physics), Rasayana Shastra (Chemistry), Jeeva Shastra (Biology), Vaastu Shastra (architectural science), Shilpa Shastra (science of sculpture) and Artha Shastra( Economics), Neeti Shastra (political science). In essence, the shaastra is the knowledge which is based on principles that are held to be timeless.
Shastra is also a by-word used when referring to a scripture. Extending this meaning, the shastra is commonly used to mean a treatise or text written in explanation of some idea, especially in matters involving religion.
Ancient Indian (Hindu) Shastra's:
1. Akshara-Laksha: This deals with the branches of mathematics namely arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and also physics and applied mathematics. Consisting of about 50 chapters, the book also deals with geography, air, electricity, mineralogy, etc.
2. Artha Shastra: Deals with more than 80 ways of earning wealth through means sanctioned by dharma.
3. Chitra Karma: The science of fine arts, consisting of a dozen chapters with more than 200 sketches. It is said that this book explains a method by which an artist can create the figure of a person after having seen only a portion of his or her body.
4. Dhatuvada: A treatise on dhatu or primary substances of matter, their reactions and combinations -- in other words, chemistry. The science of alchemy or the conversion of baser metals into gold is also dealt with herein.
5. Gaja Shastra: It deals with the behaviour and characteristics of elephants, and gives the methodology of how to categorise elephants on the basis of certain bodily marks.
6. Kaala Nirnaya: This deals with the concept of time, auspicious and inauspicious occasions, limitations of time and its measurements, and the presiding deities of various dates.
7. Lakshana Shastra: This deals with the determination of sex both in animate and inanimate creation. It also deals with the characteristics of a girl that can reveal her future, her family life, children, prosperity, chastity, etc.
8. Sakuna Shastra: There is a belief that when we set off towards a place, the person we meet coming from the opposite direction, or the sounds of birds and animals, provide indications of success or failure in our mission. Sage Garga has written an elaborate treatise on this.
9. Malinee Shastra: This deals in 16 chapters with everything about flowers and their arrangements, making garlands, bouquets, how women should adorn themselves with flowers, etc.
10. Malla Shastra: Attributed to Malla Muni, this deals with preservation of health, body-building, the science of gymnastics, athletic activities, wrestling, their principles and methods, etc.
11. Mahendra-Jala: The science of magic. This describes the art of creating illusions like levitation, walking on water, and all such things that are included in the performance of magic shows.
12. Parakaya Pravesh: This deals with various siddhis like anima, mahima, laghuma, garima, isitwa, vasitwa, prapti, and prakasya (the ashta siddhis) leading to parakayapravesh, the transference of one's soul at will to another body, as was done by Adi Shankara into the body of King Amaruka.
13. Ratna Pariksha and Kanaka Pariksha: The science of testing precious stones and gold for their genuineness. This deals with the 24 characteristics of precious stones and gems, their categorisation, and the 32 different ways of testing their quality and genuineness.
14. Sabda Shastra: This deals with various sounds, echoes, their categorisation and modifications. The mechanical reproduction of sounds, their pitch, frequency, velocity, etc., are also explained.
15. Samudrika Shastra: This deals with the various marks on the body which are said to indicate the type of person, his character, life and experiences. Palmistry is a branch of this science.
Vedic Scripture. Basically only one, i.e., Vedas that literally means knowledge.
But any knowledge can be called as Vedas.
Therefore, parochially it is many with medic supplements; Purana's, iotas, smite etc....
Surat (revealed writings, or ?that which is heard?)
I. The four Veda Samhitas: Reg, Sama, Yajur, and Atharva
IV. Upanisads (more than 108 books)
Smrti (tradition, or ?that which is remembered?)
Epics, such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, which includes the Bhagavad-gita
II. Puranas (histories)
a. Eighteen Maha-puranas (?Great Puranas?)
Six sattvic Puranas (for persons in goodness)
Bhagavata Purana (srimad-Bhagavatam), Visnu Purana, Naradiya Purana, Garuda Purana, Padma Purana, and Varaha Purana
Six rajasic Puranas (for persons in passion)
Matsya Purana, Kurma Purana, Linga Purana, siva Purana, Skanda Purana, and Agni Purana
Six tamasic Puranas (for persons in ignorance)
Brahma Purana, Brahmanda Purana, Brahma-vaivarta Purana, Markandeya Purana, Bhavisya Purana, and Vamana Purana
b. Eighteen Upapuranas (lesser)
c. Numerous Sthala Puranas (regional)
III. Sutras (codes)
srauta-sutra, Grha-sutra, Kalpa-sutra, Dharma-sutra, sulva-sutra, Vedanta-sutra
IV. Vedangas (auxiliary sciences)
siksa, Chandas, Vyakarana, Nirukta, Jyotisa, Kalpa
V. Upavedas (sciences indirectly related to Vedic study)
ayur-veda, Gandharva-veda, Dhanur-veda, Sthapatya-veda
VI. Writings and commentaries of the great acaryas throughout history
Please chant HARE KRISHNA and be happy.
hare krishna hare krishna
krishna krishna hare hare
hare rama hare rama
rama rama hare hare