well, martin Luther was a leader in the protestant reformation, circa 1200s. he didn't like what the catholic church was doing, so he protested along with many other people. today, there are many forms of protestant religions, Lutheranism being one of them.
From my personal experiences, Catholics spend a ton of money decorating their churches with gold and candles, etc, while Lutheran churches are fairly sparse and plain. I can only assume they do better things with the money than Catholics.
There are differences in beliefs, as well. I believe Lutherans believe that Jesus was alive, but was not god, and Catholics believe he was god. Could be wrong on that though.
Lutherans don't pray to or through Mary, they don't do the rosary, they don't sell in the churches, that I'm aware of, including bingo. Lutherans believe that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are 1 God, the trinity, but Mary is not Devinne. Just a human vessel from the linage of David.
Lutherans don't pray to Mary and Catholics do (Hail Mary full of grace the Lord is with thee.... I could go on, I'm Catholic). Also, Lutherans believe Jesus went to hell for 3 days after he died. I don't know what that's about but I know that's what they think.
i do not know really... but i am of the baptist faith and have been to some pentecostal churches....but i do not believe the catholics way at all...i believe only god the father in heaven can wash away our sins...i do not believe you can or your family can pay your way out of purgatory either...
As I understand it, a critical division is obedience to the Pope, and therefore the various rules the Catholic Church has because of Papal Bulls. Things about divorce and birth control, for example, and about priests being celibate while Lutheran ministers get married. A lot, really. Martin Luther had 95 Theses, among them the concept that one can get to heaven on faith alone, and not necessarily by good works. Also, Catholics have never approved of individuals reading the Bible (only priests), while Luther recommended it.